The history of Art Deco is therefore the history of modern interior design, in particular furniture plays a major role in this past. The name “Art Deco” is actually on abbreviation for the Exposition “Exposition Internationale des Arts Decorative Industriels Modernes”, which was held in Paris in 1925. A lot of furniture, which had been bought there, what then bought by famous museums and much is held by private collections nowadays. Paris is also known as the capital of the Art Deco movement and the undisputed center of furniture production between the 1920s and 1930s. France is, therefore, holding a leadership role in establishing the Art Deco style .
Art Deco is a style epoch, which was the beginning of the new beginning and a formative component for modernism. When Art Deco was established, it was a peak of French furniture construction and a continuation of French tradition. It therefore concludes to look for influences in French history. The main inspirations are dating back to the ancien rÃ©gime, the carpenter art of the 18th and 19th century and the furniture shapes of the Louis-seize epoch. Generally speaking the First World can be seen as a line between Art Nouveau and Art Deco. However, if you consider the ancestors and exceptions, the art deco style can already be found before the 1920s.
Yet the description “Art Deco” was not established yet – the name occurred in the second half of the twentieth century, when the style started to be appreciated again in the 1960s. Big debates about Art Deco style and its different appearances started in the 1980s, art deco what booming on the art market. Especially for collectors the furniture has a great attraction because of its timeless and uncomplicated elegance. Today Art Deco is an important part of design history in the 20th century.
Style Features of Art Deco
Followers of the Art Deco style are often irritated about how to make a determination of the terms of this style. Art Deco can be regarded as a very elegant, challenging and vital style with geometric stylized forms and it generally possesses a linear and clear outline. Balanced proportions are complemented with functionality. As ancestors, one of the famous designs by Koloman Moser and Adolf Loos. But not to polish the decorative dÃ©cor did not vanish from the Art Deco style. Instead of the style harmonically arranges itself in the basic form of the individual object. It therefore differentiates itself from the artistic production of Art Nouveau, which is valued for its playful asymmetries and floral ornamentals. After all,
Exotic woods were often processed for Art Deco furniture and the black surface was polished, which is a classic style criteria of this period and gives the furniture its special elegance. Palm wood and ebony, materials which the French rulers were really fond of, were the preferred woods. The production of the furniture was traditionally made by solid components.
Generally speaking, the Art Deco period can be divided into two development phases. In the 1920s functionalism is the main topic of Art Deco: Form follows function. In the 1930s, however, the style changes and becomes more abstract and compact. Simple, geometric forms dominate and a feature streamlining originates on the one hand, more detailed parts of the works disappear on the other hand. The style of the later forms becomes more strict and monumental (especially in England and America). Dispassion and simplicity are now dominating the overall impression.
Art Deco and Modernism
Elegance and the exclusive claim of Art Deco also meant a limited clientele and only a restricted amount of objects. The style was therefore also criticized by the architect Le Corbusier and other modernists because of its limited supply. The modernists were claiming that mass production of furniture is essential for the period of time. After the Art Deco period, steel pipe and glass furniture, which was produced by machines in big amounts, was dominating the market and could serve a wider range of customers. Art Deco always had a âchichiâ aura since its beginnings.
It is chic, exclusive and at the same time futuristic and modern. It represents extravagance, which in the beginning could only be afforded by the rich and the aristocrats. The time of the roaring twenties was shaped by many social transformations: Speed and technology became more and more important, dancing grew into a mass phenomenon as well as the taste for exotica and the development of an expanding bar- and cocktail culture. All these themes can be found in a formal or thematic way in contemporary furniture of the time.
Our Art Deco club chairs are from the 30s of the last century and were built in France, reflecting the glamorous lifestyle of that time. The traditional Viennese company Backhausen, which is already working in the art of weaving for 164 years, exclusively furnished our club chairs with a high-quality fabric. The hounds tooth dÃ©cor of the tulip-shaped backrest perfectly matches the dark lacquered solid wood. This connected harmony brings out the shapely swung and clear outlines of the club chairs. The elegance of the forming is a classical design characteristic of the Art Deco period. Elegance and comfort go hand in hand.
The Art Deco club chairs are from a period where the geometric and compact forms start to dominate the style. In this time the lacquer and wooden works have already begun to compete with the mass productions of modernism. The emphasis here is on functional design and a reduced and revoked aesthetic.